While promoting my Ko-Fi page after I saw a prompt to do so on Twitter in a Ko-Fi thread, I randomly came across @LagerdahlPhoto who told me it was Ehler-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) and Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder (HSD) Awareness Month. I’d only heard of the latter, so I asked if @LagerdahlPhoto could tell me a bit more about EDS, which they were only too happy to do. After reading the information @LagerdahlPhoto shared with me, I contacted The Ehlers-Danlos Society on Twitter, to see what I could do to help spread awareness. The Ehlers-Danlos Society were kind enough to share a link to their awareness campaign so I could help spread awareness. Anyway, to cut a long story slightly shorter(?), this was a really long way of saying I took up the challenge of spreading awareness on EDS and HSD for their awareness month, which is this month, May, for future reference.
One of the main problems with EDS and HSD and why awareness is important is because the average time to get these diagnosed correctly is 10-12 years or even decades for some (The Ehlers-Danlos Society), which is an extremely long time to wait. When you think about the health issues that come with having EDS and HSD, then that wait for finally getting the right diagnosis hits even harder.
Doctors just don’t seem to be correctly trained, if at all, in EDS and HDS, which is why it can take so long to get a diagnosis. It can take a lot of consultations with medical professionals from different fields before EDS or HDS is hypothesised as the real health issue (Castori, 2016). I’ve had a similar issue with getting my own health issues diagnosed. If I hadn’t have had an appointment with this one neurologist who made a referral to a specialist even though I didn’t meet the minimum requirements, I would have never got my reactive hypoglycaemia or PPPD diagnosis. Nor would I still be under investigation for PoTS and other autonomic disorders some six years after that appointment, although my symptoms first appeared in 2007, so I’m still waiting.
The Ehlers-Danlos Society has highlighted the crux of the diagnosis problem, which is that EDS and HSD are multi-systemic conditions that can go unconnected for years and even be misdiagnosed. Because of this, there are delays to treatment, can result in unnecessary surgeries, or people get the wrong kinds of treatments. Going through this ordeal can also take a toll on a sufferers mental health as they seek answers and support for their health issues. These conditions are lifelong conditions, so it’s easy to burn out and give up if you’re spreading a decade or more fighting for your health issues to be taken seriously.
What Are Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS) And Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder (HSD)?
Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS)
First, let’s start with a quick bit of information on the human body. In order for our bodies to keep our organs and tissues in place, whilst keeping them separate yet connected, our bodies use connective tissue. The connective tissue works like the mortar between bricks, holding everything in place (The Ehlers-Danlos Support UK). This is why EDS is a problem because connective tissue is found throughout the body, in our skin, muscles, gums, eyes, tendons and ligaments, blood vessels, organs, the list goes on (The Ehlers-Danlos Society).
EDS is an umbrella term for a genetically heterogeneous group of hereditary soft connective tissue disorders (HTCTDs) featuring joint hypermobility with other possible complications, such as abnormal skin texture due to skin hyperextensibility and fragility of the internal organs and vessels (Castori, 2016 and Malfait et al., 2017).
However, it is possible to develop EDS through spontaneous (de novo) genetic mutation within the egg or sperm cell, or soon after the egg has been fertilized, meaning it’s possible to get EDS without inheriting it from a parent (The Ehlers-Danlos Society).
In 2017 The International EDS Consortium (Malfait et al., 2017) proposed a revised classification of EDS which recognised 13 subtypes. However, since then, the EDS subtypes has grown to 14, with a new one being added in 2018 (The Ehlers-Danlos Society). Of the current 14 EDS variants, hypermobility is one of the most common with 35% of EDS suffers having Hypermobile Ehlers–Danlos Syndrome (hEDS; Karthikeyan and Venkat-Raman, 2018), it’s also the most problematic variant due to its similarities with HSD and chronic pain (Castori, 2016).
To find out more about these different subtypes, click here.
Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder (HSD)
According to The Ehlers-Danlos Society, HSD is a disorder that’s diagnosed when there are musculoskeletal issues with joint hypermobility and joint instability, such as joint point and ease of dislocations, that can’t be explained by EDS or other heritable connective tissue disorders. The hypermobility found in HSD can be the result of injury or age and can be generalised or localised to one or a number of joints.
Health Consequences Of Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS)
The most common issues among those with EDS are chronic pain, fatigue, and physical disability Castori (2016), hence me writing about it as another invisible disability, thanks to that chance encounter on Twitter. As stated, one of the key quality of life related-health issues of EDS is chronic fatigue, which can present a problem, as people who might actually have EDS can be diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome (formally known as myalgic encephalomyelitis, or ME, when I was a kid) instead, due to having overlapping symptoms (Hakim, De Wandele, O’Callaghan, Pocinki, and Rowe, 2017). Being given the wrong diagnosis is a problem because it means the person with EDS isn’t getting the treatment tailored to their disorder.
Chronic feelings of pain and fatigue are the two symptoms most closely linked to EDS being a disability as they both diminish the quality of life of the sufferer (Chopra, 2017). Our quality of life is where we get our sense of wellbeing and life happiness from, so to have two symptoms that drain your quality of life, is significant.
Furthermore, EDS can come with additional risks during childbearing and pregnancy (Pezaro, Pearce, and Reinhold, 2018). According to The Ehlers-Danlos Support UK, due to the hormonal changes taking place in pregnancy, those with EDS can experience an increase and severity of symptoms. Furthermore, there can be issues specific to pregnancy and birth that can add extra complications. For example, people with EDS have issues with collagen which can cause blood vessels to stretch and bulge leading to a greater incidence of varicosities, they’re also at more risk of bleeding after birth.
Conditions that cause chronic pain can come with mental health issues and an increased risk of substance dependency (Bulbena et al., 2017) as a result of ineffective pain management. Also, if you’re spending years trying to convince doctors of your health issues and you’re not being believed and your concerns being dismissed (The Ehlers-Danlos Society), that chips away at your mental wellbeing. Although I don’t have EDS, I can’t count how many times I was afraid I was being a bother and a hypochondriac until someone finally believed me about my health problems. As a result, I now have a diagnosis for two invisible disabilities, with more potentially to come.
According to Bulbena et al., (2017), people with EDS, more specifically for their work, hEDS, came with negative feelings, poor emotion regulation, and anxiety. When 90% of people with EDS report chronic pain, it’s no wonder they may have negative feels about their situation, as chronic pain can affect your daily life, sleep quality, and put you off socialising (Chopra, 2017).
A Personally Experience
Today won’t be about me sharing my personal experience for a change, but that of @LagerdahlPhoto instead who has graciously allowed me to share their story of having EDS with you, my
Unwanted Life readers.
This is a mouthful I know but it lays close to my heart. I rarely speak about highly private things but I wanted to share my #MyEDSChallenge story. EDS isn’t one single disease but rather a group of connective tissue disorders that are inherited. Each person is affected differently depending on the version and even if you share the same version they aren’t always the same.
Common problems are hypermobility in joints (they like to dislocate for example!), chronic pain, fragile tissue and much more but many of us struggle on a day to day basis with chronic pains and weakened immune system. This is my case as well.
I rarely speak of it out of the fear of being seen as my illness rather than who I am as a person but I can’t forgo mentioning it in an important month such as this. I spend most of my days bouncing between the management of my illness and art because, for many of us, art is the escape we need but also the outlet we desire.
How Can You Help?
Every May, the people at The Ehlers-Danlos Society as well as people from all over the world show their support for people living with and affected by the Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) and Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder (HSD). Thus, you can help by sharing their stories and talking about EDS and HSD every May.
Currently, The Ehlers-Danlos Society is running an Acts of Awareness Challenge, where you can earn points that can be exchanged for goodies. Thus, you can turn social media posts on Ehler-Danlos Syndrome and Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder Awareness Month into prizes such as an eVoucher for Redbubble, a collapsible water bottle, a society pin, and more. If you want to find out more, then click here.
As always, leave your feedback in the comments section below. Also, feel free to share your experiences with Ehler-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) and Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder (HSD) in the comments section below as well. Don’t forget to bookmark my site and if you want to stay up-to-date with my blog, then sign up for my newsletter below. Alternatively, get push notifications of new articles by clicking the red bell icon in the bottom right corner.
Lastly, if you’d like to support my blog, then you can make a donation of any size below as well. Until next time,
Unwanted Life readers.
Bulbena, A., Baeza‐Velasco, C., Bulbena‐Cabré, A., Pailhez, G., Critchley, H., Chopra, P., Mallorquí‐Bagué, N., Frank, C., & Porges, S. (2017). Psychiatric and psychological aspects in the Ehlers–Danlos syndromes. In American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics, 175(1), 237-245. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.c.3154 and https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdfdirect/10.1002/ajmg.c.31544.
Castori, M. (2016). Pain in Ehlers-Danlos syndromes: manifestations, therapeutic strategies and future perspectives. Expert Opinion on Orphan Drugs, 4(11), 1145-1158. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/21678707.2016.1238302 and https://www.ehlers-danlos.com/wp-content/uploads/EOOD-2016.pdf.
Chopra, P., Tinkle, B., Hamonet, C., Brock, I., Gompel, A., Bulbena, A., & Francomano, C. (2017). Pain management in the Ehlers–Danlos syndromes. In American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics, 175(1), 212-219). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.c.31554 and https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ajmg.c.31554.
Hakim, A., De Wandele, I., O’Callaghan, C., Pocinki, A., & Rowe, P. (2017). Chronic fatigue in Ehlers–Danlos syndrome—Hypermobile type. In American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics, 175 (1), 175-180. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdfdirect/10.1002/ajmg.c.31542 and https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.c.31542.
Karthikeyan, A., & Venkat-Raman, N. (2018). Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and pregnancy. Obstetric Medicine, 11(3), 104–109. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/1753495X18754577 and https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6134354.
Malfait, F., Francomano, C., Byers, P., Belmont, J., Berglund, B., Black, J., Bloom, L., Bowen, J. M, Brady, A. F., Burrows, N. P., Castori, M., Cohen, H., Colombi, M., Demirdas, S., De Backer, J., De Paepe, A., Fournel‐Gigleux, S., Frank, M., Ghali, N., Giunta, C., Grahame, R., Hakim, A., Jeunemaitre, X., Johnson, D., Juul‐Kristensen, B., Kapferer‐Seebacher, I., Kazkaz, H., Kosho, T., Lavallee, M. E., Levy, H., Mendoza‐Londono, R., Pepin, M., Pope, F. M., Reinstein, E., Robert, L., Rohrbach, M., Sanders, L., Sobey, G. J., Van Damme, T., Vandersteen, A., van Mourik, C., Voermans, N., Wheeldon, N., Zschocke, J., & Tinkle, B. (2017). The 2017 international classification of the Ehlers–Danlos syndromes. In American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics, 175(1), 8-26. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.c.31552 and https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/ajmg.c.31552.
Pezaro, S., Pearce, G., & Reinhold, E. (2018). Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome during pregnancy, birth and beyond. British Journal of Midwifery, 26(4), 217-223. Retrieved from https://www.magonlinelibrary.com/doi/pdf/10.12968/bjom.2018.26.4.217.